Image 1 of 1
Turkey, Istanbul, Sailing from the Asian side of Istanbul to the Sirkeci District, October 5, 2012
The view of Hagia Sophia at sunset, taken from a ferry.
Hagia Sophia (meaning Holy Wisdom) is one of the most renowned monuments in Istanbul and the most important Byzantine structure. Construction of the original Hagia Sophia began in the year 360 by the first Christian Emperor, Constantine the Great. The church was reconstructed from 408-450 and then demolished during the Nika riots of 532. The current structure was rebuilt from 532-537 under the supervision of Emperor Justinian I. The basilica served as a Greek Orthodox Cathedral and then became a Roman Catholic Church after the 1204 attack by the Crusaders. When Fatih Sultan Mehmed II conquered Constantinople in 1453, he converted Hagia Sophia into a mosque. Hagia Sophia served as the principal mosque of Istanbul for almost 500 years. In 1934, under Turkish president Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, Hagia Sofia was secularized and turned into the Ayasofya Museum.   
<br />
Turquie, Istanbul, District Sirkeci sur la rive asiatique d'Istanbul, 5 octobre 2012
Au crepuscule, vue sur la basilique Sainte-Sophie, prise d'un ferry. 
Hagia Sophia ( signifiant Sainte Sagesse ) est l'un des monuments les plus celebres d'Istanbul et sa structure byzantine en est la plus importante. La construction de la basilique Sainte-Sophie a commence en l'an 360 sous le premier empereur chretien, Constantin le Grand. L'eglise a ete reconstruite de 408 a 450, puis demolie durant les emeutes de Nika 532. La structure actuelle a ete reconstruite en 532-537 sous la supervision de l'empereur Justinien I. La basilique a servi de cathedrale orthodoxe grecque et est ensuite devenue une eglise catholique romaine apres l'attaque des Croises en 1204. Lorsque le Sultan Fatih Mehmed II a conquis Constantinople en 1453, il a converti Sainte-Sophie en mosquee. Elle fut la principale mosquee d'Istanbul pour pres de 500 ans. En 1934, sous la presidence turque d